Global military spending reached an all-time high of $2.24 trillion in 2022, with the conflict between Russia and Ukraine being the main reason for the increase, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). This marks the eighth consecutive year of increasing military spending worldwide, with a 3.7% rise from 2021. Europe saw the highest increase of 13% to $480 billion, the biggest jump since the Cold War's end over three decades ago.
SIPRI attributed the rise in military spending primarily to Russia's invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Ukraine recorded the largest annual increase in spending ever recorded by SIPRI, with a 640% increase, reaching $44 billion. Russia's spending is estimated to have grown by 9.2% to approximately $86 billion.
Several countries neighboring Russia also recorded a high increase in military spending in 2022, including Finland, which shares a border with Russia, with a 36% increase. The United States was the biggest military spender, followed by China, Russia, India, and Saudi Arabia. These five countries accounted for 63% of the world's military spending in 2022.
The United States was also the largest contributor to military aid to Ukraine. In April 2023, Finland joined NATO, signaling growing concern over Russian aggression. Nan Tian, a researcher at SIPRI, noted that the continuing rise in global military spending reflects the increasing insecurity in the world.
In summary, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute reported a record high in global military spending, with the conflict between Russia and Ukraine being the primary reason for the increase. The United States was the biggest spender and contributor to military aid to Ukraine, with China, Russia, India, and Saudi Arabia following closely. The ongoing rise in military spending highlights the world's growing insecurity.