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Country Profile : Spain

Spain is a beautiful and unique country situated in the south western corner of Europe. It boasts a rich culture and history, and is a country like no other. Spanning over 500,000 square kilometres, it is the second largest country in the European Union, only behind France. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, with over 81 million tourists visiting in 2018. Spain has a varied landscape, ranging from the Mediterranean coastline to the snow-covered peaks of the Pyrenees mountain range. The country is home to a range of cultures and languages, with Spanish being the official language. The cuisine of Spain is equally varied, featuring a range of traditional dishes from the Basque region to the Mediterranean coast. Spain is a country filled with natural beauty, fascinating culture and a vibrant modern society with a rich history. In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the country, exploring its geography, economy, culture and more.

1. Geography, climate and population of Spain

Spain is located in western Europe and is the second largest country in the continent with a population of around 47 million. The country has a diverse geography, with the Pyrenees mountain range in the north and the Iberian Peninsula to the south. The climate in Spain is predominantly Mediterranean, with hot and dry summers and mild, wet winters. The population of Spain is mainly composed of native Spaniards, with sizable immigrant populations from North Africa, Latin America, and other parts of Europe.

2. Overview of the economic and political systems in Spain

Spain is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy and its political system follows the 1978 Constitution which was drafted after the country’s transition from dictatorship to democracy. The monarchy is led by King Felipe VI, who serves as the country’s Head of State and is the symbol of national unity. The government is divided into three branches: the executive branch, led by the Prime Minister; the legislative branch, composed of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate; and the judicial branch. Spain’s economy is the 14th largest in the world, with a GDP of $1.5 trillion. It is heavily reliant on the service sector, which accounts for almost 70% of its total GDP. Tourism is a major source of income, with over 65 million tourists visiting Spain in 2019. The country is also a member of the European Union and the Eurozone, meaning it uses the Euro as its currency.

3. Cultural and religious diversity of Spain

Spain is one of the most culturally and religiously diverse countries in the world. It is home to a variety of religions and belief systems, as well as a variety of ethnic and cultural groups. The country is predominantly Catholic, with nearly 80% of the population identifying as such. Other religions represented in Spain include Islam, Judaism, and a variety of Protestant denominations. The country also has a large population of immigrants, primarily from Latin America and North Africa, which further contributes to the cultural and religious diversity of the country.

4. Education, health and infrastructure in Spain

The educational system in Spain is modern, comprehensive, and well-respected. Primary and secondary education is provided by the state and is free to all citizens. There are also a variety of higher educational institutions, from universities to specialized academies, offering a wide range of degrees.

Healthcare in Spain is considered to be among the best in the world, with a public healthcare system that provides universal access to medical care. Private healthcare is also available for those who choose it.

Spain is a modern and technologically advanced country, with a well-developed infrastructure. The country has one of the most extensive and efficient transport networks in Europe, and investments in other infrastructure, such as broadband and energy, are increasing.

5. Tourism attractions in Spain

Spain is a country rich in cultural attractions for tourists. There are numerous UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Alhambra Palace in Granada, the Historic Centre of Córdoba, the Roman aqueduct in Segovia, and the Cathedral of Burgos. Additionally, there are numerous churches, mosques, castles, and other architectural wonders to be found throughout the country. There are also a variety of natural attractions, such as the Pyrenees Mountains, the Picos de Europa National Park, and the beaches of the Balearic and Canary Islands. With so many attractions, Spain is sure to make any trip a memorable one.

In conclusion, Spain is a country with a rich and diverse history, culture, and landscape. Its economy is the fifth largest in the European Union and its culture is the second most popular in the world. From its majestic mountain ranges, its picturesque beaches, and its vibrant cities, Spain has something for everyone. Its culture and hospitality make it one of the most desired destinations in the world, and its people are some of the most welcoming. With its vast range of attractions, Spain is a country that is sure to make an impact on any visitor.


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